The obstacles on the way to the autonomous car, once swept away with an optimistic wave of the hand in the speeches of manufacturers and equipment manufacturers, today resemble insurmountable walls. Recently, Luc Julia, an expert in artificial intelligence at Renault, was frankly pessimistic. “The fully autonomous car will never exist. And I am able to demonstrate it mathematically.” We are far from Ford’s promises, which announced in 2016 the marketing of a car without pedals and steering wheel in 2021… We are still waiting!
It must be said that there is always an obstacle in the way. First, there is the European regulation, which limits the speed in autonomous driving mode to 60 km/h. And the technical obstacles, either related to the software (it is impossible to foresee all the situations that could happen during a trip), or to the sensors. From now on, the effects of the announcement gave way to wisdom. Progress is gradual, step by step through five defined levels of automation. The next step, which is about to emerge, will be to let cars run without drivers in perfectly signposted environments (usually properly mapped highways whose markings are immaculate). This corresponds to level 3.