Magnificent images of the Earth and the Moon were sent by the South Korean probe Danuri, which has been orbiting our natural satellite for a few weeks now. All surface photos will serve to choose a future landing site.
Danuri entered orbitorbit around the MoonMoon… in advance ! It was after many light and fuel-cheap maneuvers that the South Korean probe entered orbit around the Moon in late December. However, its trajectory is still very elliptical and it will take some time for the probe to be in polar orbit 100 km above the surface. However, South Korea became the seventh country to land on the Moon.
Since taking off on August 5th from Cape Canaveral aboard a falcon 9falcon 9 by SpaceX, it took months for the probe to gradually climb in altitude and reach the Moon at low cost. Now in lunar orbit, Danuri (aka KPLO – Korea’s Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter), starts taking snapshots.
Goal: find a site for a moon landing in 2032
According to the institute in charge of aerospace research (Kari – korea institute for aerospace research), the pictures were taken on December 24 and 28, respectively, at 124 and 344 kilometers above the lunar surface. The black and white images transmitted by South Korea’s first lunar probe are the first in a long series. Kari’s objective is to map the surface to identify possible landing sites, which will not be done by the Danuri spacecraft, but by a later mission in 2032. The mission is expected to include a small wandererwanderer from 20 kgkg.
Danuri carries six scientific instruments. In addition to analyzing the lunar surface, the spacecraft will study its magnetic fieldmagnetic field and will also look for water ice at the lunar south pole. It is there, at the bottom of permanently shadowed craters, that we hope to find that ice that would not have sublimated under the WarmWarm rays.
South Korea flies to the moon
SpaceX successfully launched the South Korean probe to the Moon. KPLO (Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter) is due to arrive on the Moon in mid-December for an observation mission lasting at least a year. This mission kicks off an ambitious exploration program roboticsrobotics bound for the moon andasteroidsasteroids with Mars in focus.
Article of Remy DecourtRemy DecourtPosted on August 8, 2022
Last week, South Korea became the seventh country in the world to launch a probe to the Moon. This East Asian country has a very ambitious robotic exploration program for the Moon and asteroids, with Mars in focus. It is true that this program is on a smaller scale than the large American, European and Chinese projects that provide for a humane and lasting installation, but it nevertheless provides for probes, landerslandersrovers and sample return missions.
On 5 August, a Falcon 9 launch vehicle successfully launched KPLO (Korea Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter), the first South Korean lunar mission. Developed by Korea Aerospace Research Institute (Kari), KPLO, also called Danuri, is due to arrive on the Moon on December 16 for an observation mission that should last at least a year.
It will settle into a polar orbit of about 100 kilometers, from which it will carry out a high-interest observation mission. If this is extended beyond the first year of operation, it is planned to shrink its orbit and bring it within 70 kilometers of the lunar surface, or even less.
The launch of KPLO, also known as Danuri. Positioning in its polar orbit planned in four months. © Arirang News
KPLO carries six instruments, including a camera provided by the NASANASA. Among the probe’s main objectives are identifying potential landing sites and locating sources of water ice believed to be found in large numbers in the colder, darker regions of the south pole.
The probe will play a song by a famous South Korean K-pop group
KPLO also aims to test networked space communications that are tolerant of the radiative environment of space. According to the Ministry of Science of South Korea, this experiment is unprecedented in the world. It should also lay the foundations for a InternetInternet wireless” to connect satellites around or near the Moon and exploration equipment active on the lunar soil. To test this internet network, the probe will stream the music Dynamite by the South Korean K-pop group BTS.
Article by Rémy Decourt published on 07/11/2013
Recently a space power, South Korea revealed its ambitions and announced that it wants to send a probe around the Moon. A surface rover is also on the program.
Japan is often cited as an example in robotics, but in recent years South Korea has made significant advances in this area, to the point of becoming a world reference. Its know-how and robotic skills found appsapps advanced in many sectors such as medical,agricultureagriculture, transport, security and even defense. Today, South Korea is embarking on space robotics.
Earlier this month, South Korean President Park Geun-hye announced an ambitious lunar program for 2020, sending a probe around the moon and landing a rover. An announcement that comes just six months after the first successful launch of its launcherlauncher KSLV-1 (korean space launch vehicle) and the orbit of the STSAT-2C satellite. Kari, Korea Aerospace Research Institute, has been working on a prototype lunar rover since 2010. However, due to technological delays for some space components, Kari is in the process of entering into a partnership with theAmes Research Center from NASA.
Weighing 20 kg, this rover is designed to travel several tens of kilometers around its landing site. He will perform a multitude of exploratory activities. Significantly smaller and lighter than Curiosity’s 900 kg, it will have an equally large radius of action (40 km versus 39). Like NASA’s Mars rover, it will use a nuclear battery. However, contrary to CuriosityCuriosity, which runs on plutonium 238, the South Korean battery will run on strontium 90, a waste product from nuclear reprocessing. Finally, if Curiosity is designed for an initial two-year mission to Mars, the South Korean rover’s 500 g of strontium 90 will allow it to visit the Moon for a short month.