Automotive/Electric. Installing a charging station at home: how does it work?

The IRVE (electric vehicle charging infrastructure) must be installed by recognized and authorized professionals; your safety is at stake. IZI photo

The purchase – or long-term rental with or without a purchase option – of an electrified vehicle (100% electric or plug-in hybrid) does not eliminate the possibility of charging. You can simply recharge it at public terminals with all the dangers that entails and the inherent cost.

The most comfortable solution involves installing a terminal or socket at home. Do you have a house and garage? Is easy. Do you live in a community? You will have to go through the administrator, who will vote on a decision that grants you a dedicated connection to the meter.

Charging in individual housing

Many manufacturers ship, at the same time as an electric car, an occasional charging cable (CRO), which allows the use of a domestic outlet. Although it is possible to recharge using the specific cable, the charging time is very long and the risk of the installation overheating can be dangerous. Therefore, it is highly recommended to use a reinforced socket specifically for electric vehicles or a Wallbox.

For the installation of suitable equipment carried out by a professional, the price will depend on the type of outlet and its installation.

In a parking lot, you must first obtain agreement from the co-ownership union or the landlord.  A process that can be lengthy as it takes a period of six months to purge any opposition.  Photo DR

In a parking lot, you must first obtain agreement from the co-ownership union or the landlord. A process that can be lengthy as it takes a period of six months to purge any opposition. Photo DR

Available solutions

With a domestic outlet, charging will be limited to 2.3 kW for safety reasons. The car charger may even refuse to charge if it detects an anomaly.

With the installation of a Legrand Green’up socket (a safe socket), you can reach 3.2 kW in single-phase current. Installed by a professional with a differential circuit breaker, you have enough to recover about 200 km of autonomy in about ten hours.

The Rolls is the wall box. Its price varies between 1,000 and 2,000 € but the load ranges from 7 kW in single-phase to 22 kW in three-phase. More expensive in the subscription, the three-phase, however, allows you to benefit from the off-peak tariff to recharge cheaper.

The case of the collective

The LOM law (mobility guidance law), approved on 02/24/2019, provides for obligations ranging from simple pre-equipment to the obligation to equip charging stations.

A building for which a building permit was applied for after 1er July 2012 with secure access garages or parking lots must be provided with pre-fitted sheaths for at least 10% of spaces (50% after 2017). This is to facilitate the installation of a charging station, but not to install the terminal.

Each outlet or terminal is always equipped with an individual meter to measure the electricity consumed by the user and the amount will be billed directly to the user.

Harder in older buildings

In the case of old buildings, it is possible, from 1er January 2015, for each permanent resident, claim the installation at their own expense for an electric car recharge. A new decree, in force since 1er January 2021, extends this collection right to open car parks.

Any individual (owner or tenant) who has a location in a park with secure, gated access for private use may invoke this right to take. It doesn’t matter if the place is covered, external, closed or not.

A tax credit for the group

The finance law for 2021 established a tax credit valid between 1er January 2021 and December 31, 2023 for the purchase and installation of charging systems for electric vehicles. It remains, within the limit of €300 per charging system, corresponding to 75% of the value of eligible expenses (purchase and installation included).

This tax credit also benefits second homes. Subsidies are provided to finance a terminal up to 50% of its price within the limit of €1,300 without VAT (€1,660 without VAT if the terminal is equipped with a cargo management system). This is the program “ADVENIR🇧🇷which can also help with the installation of an individual cashier terminal.

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