To read the reactions of anti-electric cars in (a)social networks, we see that the debate is positioned less in a scientific, pragmatic terrain than in another, more dogmatic, even passionate. However, by the admission of the actors directly involved, engine manufacturers, engineers, energy specialists, climatologists… electric energy seems to have a bright future due to the advantages it brings. Which doesn’t mean it’s devoid of downsides, of course.
A solution to global warming
But when you put them both on the scale, it looks like he leans towards the electric. It is therefore commonly accepted that over its entire lifespan an electric car will emit less CO2 than a thermal car, despite its initial downside, producing an EV actually emits more CO2.
But in all the following steps (use, dismantling and recycling at the end of its useful life, etc.), an EV is largely compensated, even if the electricity it consumes during use comes from polluting fossil fuels such as gas or , even worse, coal. “Yes, but an electric car involves extracting rare earths, minerals whose mining industry degrades and pollutes the soil, exploits a willing workforce, often children, in addition…” This is an argument brandished by the anti-VE as a standard for their cause.
But these same anti-EVs avoid, for the occasion, mentioning the fact that prospecting, drilling, extracting, refining and transporting oil by monstrous supertankers in terms of pollution is accompanied by immeasurable damage. for more than a hundred years, making us Europeans, moreover, dependent on some oligarchies that are not at all stellar in terms of respect for human rights and contribute to unbalance our trade balance to the benefit of states that gorge themselves on our account for decades. Why should we take this argument into account for the EV and not the heat car? Let’s be objective.
a way todevelops industry
On the other hand, the current advent of the EV represents a tremendous opportunity to re-industrialize our territories, knowing that electricity, which is difficult to store and transport over long distances, must be produced as close as possible to its consumption. Is there not a ready opportunity to recover the production of an energy identified as strategic in the very short term, as this transition is global and not European, since the EU does not represent “only” 6% of CO2 Emissions?
It is true that the increase in EVs leads to the loss of jobs in the automotive industry, requiring much less manpower than a thermal to produce. Ford, for example, but it is far from the only one, has just announced the elimination of 3,000 jobs in its American and Indian factories for this reason. But weren’t those jobs doomed in the long run anyway, due to the rise of artificial intelligence, which experts predict will lead to the loss of millions of low-value jobs around the world? world (read about it Twenty-one lessons for the 21stand century, by Yuval Noah Harari in Albin Michel)?
And these jobs, in an aging industry, whatever one may say, and therefore threatened in the short term, would thus be replaced by an exponential demand for specific skills with regard to the management and production of electricity from renewable sources (or even nuclear energy, no offense to some), the storage industry, and national battery production (already 95% recyclable thanks to European expertise, including those of Umicore and Solvay, Belgium, which advocate that in the long term, with enough batteries in circulation, their recycling would enable a circular economy reducing the need for primary resources) and efficient and affordable electric cars.
The advent of the EV does not eliminate jobs as such: it transfers them to other industrial sectors. As long as the public and political authorities put in place a real strategy of local industrial redeployment (at European level, of course) to prevent us from going from energy dependence on fossil fuel producing countries to another face of the countries at the forefront of EVs, starting with the China, which is already weaving its global network providing our countries with ever more convincing car models and dominating production like no other battery.
If we do nothing, who can say, in five or ten years at the most, “buy chinese, never me!»? Today, buy a French – even European – mobile phone or PC, have you tried it? To ask the question is to answer it. Let us therefore ensure that the same does not happen soon to our cars, bicycles, scooters and other personal transport devices, which are increasingly connected and… electric.