Conversion bonuses, ecological bonuses… What helps in 2023?

If you are planning to switch cars, now is the time to go electric. These vehicles (as well as plug-in hybrids) benefit from aid, bonuses and conversion bonuses. Thus, you manage to lower the bill significantly, sometimes even below the rates of thermal vehicles.

Depending on your resources, these aids can really go up to high levels and make vehicles that are still expensive very affordable even if you want to buy them used. We did the math.

Conversion bonus: up to €5,000 in help

In order to benefit from the conversion bonus (ex-scrappage bonus), you must dispose of a petrol model registered before 2006 or a diesel model before 2011 and buy a new electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle or a new one. ‘opportunity . Petrol vehicles classified as Crit’Air 1 (registered after 1 January 2011) are also eligible for the conversion bonus, provided they emit a maximum of 127 g of CO2 per km if new and a maximum of 137 g of CO2 per km if used.

The conversion premium values ​​up to December 31, 2022 are as follows and should remain at the same level in 2023:

Vehicles eligible for the conversion bonus

Very low-income families and “big wheels”* families

Low-income families (reference tax income per unit less than or equal to €13,489)

other families

Electric or plug-in hybrid vehicle with a range of more than 50 km in electric mode (price ≤ €60,000)

€ 5,000
(within the limit of 80% of the acquisition cost)

€ 2,500

€ 2,500

Crit’Air 1 thermal vehicle

or plug-in hybrid with a range of less than or equal to 50 km (price ≤ €50,000)

€ 3,000
(within the limit of 80% of the acquisition cost)

€ 1,500


* The premium is doubled for households whose tax reference income per unit is less than €6,300 and for “high-speed” low-income households (i.e. households whose tax income per reference unit is less than or equal to to 13,489 euros and whose distance between home and work is greater than 30 km or who travel more than 12,000 km per year as part of their professional activity with their personal vehicle).

Eco bonus: up to €7,000 in cumulative aid

In addition to the conversion bonus, you can benefit from a ecological bonus ranging from €1,000 for a used electric car or a new plug-in hybrid to €6,000 for a new electric car below €47,000 until December 31, 2022. From January 1, 2023, the scale must be reduced from €1,000. The bonus will therefore increase to €5,000 for a new electric vehicle costing less than €47,000, to €1,000 for a model costing between €47,000 and €60,000 and will be abolished for plug-in hybrid vehicles.

However, this reduction will not affect all drivers. The Head of State, Emmanuel Macron, announced, in an interview with the newspaper Les Echos, an increase in the ecological bonus from 6,000 euros to 7,000 euros for half of the poorest French families. The income conditions necessary to benefit from it have not yet been specified.

Since the publication of a decree on 27 April in the Official Journal, the conditions for obtaining aid have changed slightly. It is now necessary to keep the new vehicle for at least one year after purchase or lease, compared to six months before, to benefit from the bonus. The buyer also has the obligation to drive 6,000 kilometers before being able to resell the vehicle (this condition does not change). For vehicles ordered before December 31, 2022, the billing period will be possible until June 30, 2023.

Eco bonus scale

Affected vehicles

Bonus amount until December 31, 2022

Bonus amount from January 1, 2023

New electric car for less than €47,000

€6,000 (€4,000 for legal entities), within the limit of 27% of the purchase price including taxes

€5,000 (€3,000 for legal entities), within the limit of 27% of the purchase price including taxes

€7,000 for half of low-income families

New electric car between €47,000 and €60,000

€ 2,000

€ 1,000

Electric light commercial vehicle or new hydrogen car over €60,000

€ 2,000

€ 1,000

new electric van

€7,000 (€5,000 for legal entities), within the limit of 40% of the purchase price including taxes

€6,000 (€4,000 for legal entities), within the limit of 40% of the purchase price including taxes

New plug-in hybrid car for a maximum of €50,000 with a range of over 50 km

€ 1,000

0 €

Used electric car or van (CO2 rate = 0g/km)

€ 1,000

€1,000 (to be confirmed)

€1,000 additional abroad

The bonus amount is increased by €1,000 if you live abroad, provided you have been driving the new vehicle for at least 6 months.

Cumulative regional aid (up to €6,000)

In addition to the conversion bonus, you can benefit from an additional bonus from the State of up to €1,000 if you live or work in a low-emissions mobility zone (ZFE-m) and have received help from the community to buy or rent a vehicle.

In addition, some regions or departments offer cumulative bonuses (up to €6,000 for the 131 municipalities of Greater Paris, for example).

Please note: most of these regional aids can be combined, but are sometimes limited. For example, if Greater Paris adds its aid to the conversion bonus and the ecological bonus, the Bouches-du-Rhône department, which offers up to €5,000 in aid for the purchase of an electric car if you are not taxable, limits the accumulation of aid of €7,000. Read the conditions carefully. All regional aids are listed on the Avere website.

A zero rate loan tried in 2023

From January 1, 2023, a zero-interest loan granted for the purchase or rental of an electric or hybrid vehicle will be tested for two years in certain low-emission mobility zones (ZFE-m). Only low-income families and micro-enterprises will be able to benefit from it. Its value will be limited to €30,000 in the case of purchase and €10,000 in the case of long-term rental or rental with option to purchase. This loan can be combined with the conversion bonus and the ecological bonus.

Will it soon be possible to rent an electric car for €100 per month?

Emmanuel Macron’s campaign promise, a device for leasing (long-term rental) of electric cars for €100 per month should see the light of day in the second half of 2023. “Pre-sales will be made until the second half of 2023, for delivery in early 2024”, assured the head of state in Les Echos. Should target low-income families and people “for whom the vehicle is a work tool, such as liberal nurses, for example”said Agnès Pannier-Runacher, Minister for Ecological Transition, last June.

How much does the best-selling electric car cost, minus premiums?

To help you find your way around these calculations, we’ve provided an example. You set off with a 2010 diesel vehicle to buy a displayed Renault Zoe for €24,200.

You can benefit from a conversion bonus of €5,000 + €6,000 ecological bonus, that is, a new and less polluting car for €13,200. In addition, regional assistance can further reduce the bill. For example, if you live in Greater Paris, you can benefit from an additional reduction of up to €6,000, depending on your resources. Be one New electric Zoe at €7,200.

Economy in use

If you still hesitate to take the plunge, also remember to take into account the cost of using your vehicle: an electric vehicle costs €2 to €3 for every 100 km to recharge, compared to €6 to €8 for a thermal vehicle , depending on the calculations of the Ministry of Ecological Transition.

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