The Watts d’Or trophy gives us a unique opportunity to produce some statistics on the electric car market in France. Here’s what to remember.
Our Watts d’Or Trophy for Electric Car of the Year is already on track, the jury voting is complete, and now it’s the audience (you) that has the hand, or rather the voice, to express their preferences by September at midnight.
By doing a documentary research and compiling the data and characteristics that allowed us to draw the list of nominees in the premier category, namely that of the electric car of the year, we managed to mix the numbers to extract some interesting statistics about the reality of the electric car market in France. . Sometimes with some surprises.
Here are some elements to keep in mind without their disclosure altering or influencing the vote.
Data on brands and countries represented
Number of new models launched in France and available for sale to the public between October 1, 2021 and September 30, 2022: 20
- Number of brands represented: 14
- Number of versions or variations: 48, i.e. an average of 2.4 versions per model
- Most represented brand: Mercedes (4 models)
- Number of French brands: 2 (Renault and Citroën)
- Number of German brands: 4 (Audi, BMW, Mercedes, VW)
- Number of American brands: 1 (Tesla)
- Number of Korean brands: 1 (Kia)
- Number of Chinese brands: 1 (MG Motors)
- Number of Japanese brands: 2 (Nissan and Toyota)
- Other brands: 3
- European brands share: 64%
It is interesting to note that, contrary to what one might imagine at first glance, the feared (or scrutinized in any case) Chinese invasion is still not really a reality. Only one Chinese brand appears on this list, MG Motors, with however already 2 models launched during the reference period, and soon 4 100% electric models in its catalog if we include the MG4 that will arrive at European dealerships next October. , or later. the Watts d’Or reference period (which explains why it doesn’t appear there). In fact, old Europe doesn’t defend itself that badly after all with no less than 9 brands out of 14. It should also be noted that the latest version of the Tesla Model Y is not included in the list because it has not yet been released. will not be released in the reporting period as it should arrive next December.
- The average WLTP range on the 20 models and their 48 versions is 479.16 km
- The median is 480 km
- The car with the shortest range is the Citroën ë-Berlingo with 280 km of range WLTP
- The car with the best range is the Mercedes EQS with 712.5 km of WLTP range
The Mercedes EQS is quite representative of Mercedes’ efforts towards efficiency – with significant work in particular on aerodynamics – symbolized in particular by the Vision EQXX concept. On the other hand, the average WLTP autonomy value is quite high, which is a surprise. It’s a safe bet that if we asked people interested in the matter, the answer would probably be closer to 350-400 kilometers, it seems to us. Range data is the official data according to the WLTP standard for combined road and highway use. Most of the time, both numbers are indicated on the manufacturers’ websites, and we averaged the two to get the indicated value.
- The average WLTP consumption in the 20 models and their 48 versions is 18.02 kWh/100 km
- The median is 17.25 kWh/100 km
- The car with the lowest consumption is the Toyota bZ4X 2WD with 17.4 kWh/100 km
- The car with the highest consumption is the BMW iX M60 with 29.5 kWh/100 km
Again, most of the data is surprisingly reasonable, but we know that the WLTP standard is subject to caution and that it only reflects reality in a very specific case of “eco-driving” driving.
Charging power data
- The average charging power of the 20 models and their 48 versions is 148.5 kW
- The median is 135 kW
- The car with the highest theoretical charging power is the Tesla Model Y Long Range with 250 kW
- The car with the lowest theoretical charging power is the Kia Niro EV 2022 with 72 kW
We note that Tesla with its 400 Volt architecture still holds the lead in this ranking, but that Kia with the EV6 and its 800 volts is very close to the American brand with 240 kW in its most powerful version. To be more precise, it would be necessary to measure the load curves, but it was a very difficult task to perform on almost 50 cars. However, it is long-term work that we do in our Supertests.
- The average weight of the 20 models and their 48 variations is 2,108 kg
- The median is 2110 kg
- The heaviest car is the BMW iX M60 at 2,659 kg
- The lightest car is the Megane E-TECH EV40 at 1,513 kg
It’s how much it hurts. And this is obviously an evil that has been known and documented for as long as electric cars have been around. Do you want autonomy? So you’ll have big batteries, so weight. For now, and while we wait for the technologies to improve, we have to make do with empty pachyderms of almost 2.7 tons.
- The average Cx of the 20 models and their 48 variations is 0.261
- The median is 0.26
- The car with the best Cx is the Mercedes EQS with 0.20
- The car with the least favorable Cx is the Volvo C40 Recharge Twin with 0.32
So certainly the Cx is no longer really the relevant measure to judge the aerodynamics and therefore the efficiency of a car, the sCx being a measure closer to reality. Problem, virtually no manufacturer provides this data. In addition, obtaining the Cx was already very long and complicated, as it is an indication that rarely appears in technical sheets or brochures. Therefore, we are content with this to have an idea and to be able to establish at least a comparison.
- The average price of the 20 models and their 48 variations – ecological bonus deducted if eligible – is €65,384
- The median is €53,980
- The most expensive car is the Mercedes EQS 53 4MATIC+ with €169,850
- The cheapest car is the MG5 at €26,990
Along with the weight, the price remains the data that is still locked, an impression reinforced by this list of electric cars released throughout the reference period. We notice that MG is attacking the bottom of the market with very competitive prices, but ultimately not necessarily representative of the entire Chinese offensive, whose models that will come in Europe (Xpeng, BYD, Nio, etc.) mid-range.
In the other data collected, we also note that 31 of the 48 models are equipped with a battery preconditioning system before loading and 36 offer an integrated route planner. Some progress should also be made in this chapter, because it seems to us that these two functionalities should form part of the essentials of electric travel.
A short word to finish about manufacturers websites. Having frequented them regularly and visited and examined them privately over the last few weeks to find as much manufacturer data as possible, the general impression that emerges is that of a poor, often even painful and tedious user experience. Clearly, in terms of ergonomics and interface, manufacturers seem to favor the graphic and spectacular side over simplicity, which sometimes leads to aberrations in terms of navigation, not to mention the general weight.
On the other hand, it seems that some manufacturers have taken the floor to ensure that essential data such as AC and DC charging power and especially charging curves are not always clearly indicated. Instead, we’re entitled to beautiful animations of load-time simulations that can certainly give an indication, but that are often performed under ideal conditions that are rarely realistic.
However, an effort has been put into the configurators, which are often more intuitive than they might have been at first. However, the constant prompts in the form of commercial pop-ups, chat windows, and other unwanted animations quickly become annoying.
In a future article, we will offer the same type of statistics with charging networks.
PS: Some comments on the public voting opening article lead us to believe that some didn’t bother to read (or misread) the detailed explanations on the page before the voting form. In particular, it is indicated that the scope of Watts d’Or concerns cars launched and available for sale in France in the period from 01/10/2021 to 30/09/2022. Therefore, it is normal that for example the Fiat 500 (released earlier), the MG4 (which will be released later, in October 2022) or the Tesla Model Y Propulsion (December 2022) are not included in this list. We invite you to read these instructions carefully, where everything is clearly indicated.