I’Europe made his choice: by 2035, dealers will only be able to sell 100% electric new cars. This desire stems from the fact that Europe has set itself the objective ofcarbon balance in 2050 and believes that the fleet transition take at least 15 years. In fact, there are chances that the operation will take longer than expected, as it is quite possible that the electric car prices stay high and long.
That said, the transition to electric car also has its participation critics who believe that the overall environmental cost of an electric car is actually higher to that of a thermal car for the good and simple reason that it is necessary to take into account the extraction of raw material and in particular those relating to the construction of the battery. Yes, but now, more and morestudies at theglobal footprint of the electric car are emerging and they all tend to demonstrate the advantages of the electric car in relation to the thermal vehicle in terms of downloads CO2.
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around the ICCT
The latest study comes from International Council for Clean Transport (ICCT), a independent NGO and recognized company that defines its mission as follows: “to provide impartial technical and scientific research and analysis to environmental regulatory authorities”. This new research is very comprehensive and presents results that seem to dispel doubts about the electric car today.
The ICCT was interested four main electric car marketsthat is, theEuropethey United StatesThe China and theIndia representing 70% of global electric car sales. And for the comparison, all types of engine were taken into account, that is, not only thermal and electric, but also rechargeable hybrids, hydrogen models and even those powered by CNG (natural gas). And for the results to be as reliable as possible, the researchers took into account all current and future emissions attributable to each stage of the vehicles and fuels life cycle. What does it mean, therefore, that the mining costsof refinedistribution, but also recycling or disposal were included in the calculation.
And that’s not all: the ICCT has also taken into account the average carbon impact of fuel and/or electricity blends, emissions in real use that obviously impact plug-in hybrids, supply networks for battery manufacturing and even potential emissions due to methane leaks of the operation of natural gas or as part of the production ofhydrogen gas. Difficult to do more…
69% less in Europe
Coming off the computer, the results are particularly impressive because they show that over a lifetime, the electric car saves money inside Europe between 66 and 69% of CO2 emissions compared to a conventional thermal car. This result reaches a range of 60 to 68% in USAbut much less in India or in China where much of the electricity is generated from coal. In these two countries, there is, however, an advantage, but it is only 19% in China and 45% in India.
The ICCT further specifies that theElectric car advantage will increase in coming years due in particular to the improvement of manufacturing processes, but also of recycling channels. From here 2030the organization anticipates that the CO2 advantage electric cars arrives 77% ! (76% in the US, 64% in China and 54% in India). In addition, the organization indicates that if the whole were produced exclusively from renewable energy, the difference would reach the 81% globally.
According to the ICCT, the hydrogen cars they also save CO2 compared to traditional cars, despite the fact that this energy vector is mainly produced from fossil fuels. Compared to a gasoline car, the gain would be between 26 and 40% (depending on geographic area). The ICCT specifies that the advantage is smaller, because currently producing electricity from hydrogen is up to three times more energy intensive than for a battery electric car.
For the plug-in hybrids, the gain would be 46% in the US, but only 25-27% in Europe and between 6 and 12% in China. O non-rechargeable hybrids (or auto-recharge) allow, save 20% CO2which is ultimately not bad with a technology that is quite light (small electric motor and small battery).
The ICCT concludes that the other engines have a negligible impact on CO2 emissions, including CNG, which however has been praised so far that, according to the organization, would be even more emitter than Diesel! also studied, biofuels would only allow a 9% reduction mainly due to its assembly that does not sufficiently depend on organic waste. O synthetic fuels “should not contribute substantially to decarbonisation” by 2030, the ICCT also specifies. To meditate…