Plug-in hybrid cars cannot be banned from sale in 2035 | regulations

The Member States of the European Union have agreed to the end of the sale of gasoline, diesel and hybrid cars in 2035in favor of electric vehicles.

O Plug-in hybrid cars may not be affected by this ban for the sale provided for in the European Union’s climate plan, on condition that it does not emit any CO2.

In this context, plug-in hybrid vehicles are subject to a review clause planned for 2026as well as the vehicles that use synthetic fuels (e-fuels).

Until this date, “The Commission will assess the progress made towards achieving the 100% emission reduction targets and the need to review these targets in the light of technological developments, including with regard to plug-in hybrid technologies”writes the Council of the European Union.

The aim of the European Union’s climate plan is toachieve carbon neutrality by 2050.

A plug-in hybrid car has two engines : an electric motor and a heat engine.

Most plug-in hybrid vehicles shown today an autonomy of approximately fifty kilometers exclusively in electric mode without consuming the slightest drop of fuel.

Certain plug-in hybrid vehicles equipped with “big” battery can browse almost a hundred kilometers in electric mode without consuming a single drop of fuel.

The combustion engine of the plug-in hybrid vehicle takes over when the “battery” of the electric motor is discharged, which makes it possible to overcome the restriction of autonomy of the electric vehicle during a holiday departure without fear of the electricity failure.

A plug-in hybrid vehicle currently emits between 15 and 55% less CO2 in the exhaust than a thermal model according to the NGO International Council on Clean Transportation (ICCT).

For comparison, a self-loading hybrid vehicle (non-rechargeable) emits on average 12% less CO2 than a thermal model.

According to ICCT data published in June 2022, the electric mode of plug-in hybrid cars is used in 45 to 49% of the distances covered by individuals, which necessarily implies CO2 emissions when using the thermal mode.

The weight of the two enginesadded to that of the car, it increases the fuel consumption of plug-in hybrid cars.

In late 2020, a study by the NGO Transport and the Environment revealed that plug-in hybrid cars emitted 30% more CO2 than the manufacturers’ advertisements. Manufacturers’ consumption figures would be skewed because they were not obtained under “real” and “optimal” driving conditions with a full high voltage battery. This one “they are fake electric cars, made for lab testing and tax savings, not real driving”explained Julia Poliscanova, director of clean vehicles at the NGO.

The French Institute of Petroleum and New Energies (Ifpen) also estimates that the CO2 emission levels of a plug-in hybrid vehicle are “extremely sensitive to the battery’s state of charge. It is equally capable of approaching zero emissions (systematic charging between journeys shorter than electric range and slow driving) or just equaling its non-rechargeable counterpart (without being worse). of this vehicle technology is, therefore, conditioned to its use and, in particular, to good practices in terms of the user’s recharge frequency”specifies this study from the end of 2020.

Price parity between thermal and electric vehicles not to be reached before 2027 (at best) and the electric vehicle does not meet the multiplicity of uses European drivers.

The Council of the European Union of 29 June 2022 on the timetable for the end of thermal vehicles makes it possible take into account future technological developments in plug-in hybrid engines.

The review clause for vehicles with plug-in hybrid engines could decide a possible green light for plug-in hybrid cars on the European market.

The aim of the Council of the European Union is to ensure that the climate plan is achievable with regard to the ambition to completely eliminate greenhouse gas emissions from vehicles, but also from available technologies and their accessibility to a greater number.

The European Commission will have to come up with proposals to guarantee the possibility of registering thermal cars after 2035 if and only if their greenhouse gas emissions are zero.

In Brussels, as in Paris, a regulatory framework for plug-in hybrid cars is emerging.

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