These 5 cars are pioneers of electrification…

Fisker Karma

Built for just 2 years (2011-2012), the Fisker Karma is here first electric car with range extender. Designed by prolific designer Henrik Fisker (BMW Z8, Aston Martin Vantage and DB9, etc.), this magnificent silk both of which engines developed a combined power of just over 400 hp has a block Vauxhall Ecotec supercharged with 2 liters of displacement that acts as a generator.

very promising, Fisker Karma didn’t really have time to prove itself because its builder was quickly declared bankrupt. Only 2,718 examples are produced by Valmet in Finland.

Red Tesla Roadster

Tesla Roadster

long before the Models, You are here started its activities as a car manufacturer with the roadstera small two-seater that had been developed in collaboration with Lotusbased on the chassisElise. Equipped with an electric motor of 252 hp and 370 Nm that allows going from 0 to 100km/h in 4 seconds.

having a autonomy of 370 km, suffers from a high selling price ($100,000) and a brand image next to nothing. In 2009, Tesla introduced the roadster 292 hp and 380 Nm of torque. His autonomy progressed slightly to 390 km. A sport version (+20 Nm) is released a little later. Until 2012, 2,450 copies are produced.

Honda Insight II

Honda Insight II

Launched in 1999, the Honda Insight 1st name is a hybrid car entirely designed to consume as little as possible. His aerodynamic it is particularly studied (which explains the fairing of the rear wheels) and uses aluminum and plastic in its construction to be light (838 to 891 kg depending on the version!).

To move it, Honda planned a motor 3 cylinders of only 1.0 liters of displacement that is associated with an electric motor of 13 hp. Optionally, the customer can opt for a manual box 5 speeds for a continuously variable transmission (CVT). Manufactured in the same factory as the NSX and the S2000I’Understanding is a technological showcase of the know-how of Honda. Able to consume just under 5l/100 km, it was not imported to Europe.

GM EV1 gray

General Motors EV1

How to summarize the story GM EV1 in a few lines? It is certainly the first successful 100% electric car that the American manufacturer offered only for rent to a select panel of customers, between 1996 and 2001.

Since the beginning of the 1990s, the State of California has passed a law that provided for the progressive limitation of emissions of new cars. Eager to test the electric car, the Clinton administration allocates a budget to General Motors who starts stepping on a zero emission model. The result is theEV1an extremely aerodynamic car (Cd of 0.19) whose technology has absolutely nothing to envy when current electric vehicles. At the time, the batteries are not as efficient as they are today and the car carries lead-acid and nickel-metal hybrid batteries, whose autonomy varies between 90 and 220 km. The problem is that George W. Bush becomes president of the United States in 2001 and that he doesn’t believe in anything in the electric car.

The credits are cut and GM so it decides to stop its expensive EV1 test program. As long as customers are satisfied with their car, they are forced to return it to the builder who stores them in a barren wasteland. Of the 1,117 copies produced, only a handful are offered to technical schools across the Atlantic. most of EV1 are simply discarded and GM then put the electric propulsion on hold for many years. If you are interested in the history of this huge mess, we can only invite you to see the excellent documentary “Who Killed the Electric Car” made in 2006.

Gray VW XL1

Volkswagen XL1

dear to Fernando Piechthen Chairman of the Supervisory Board of volkswagen groupthe project of a car that consumes only one liter/100 km is at the origin of the commercialization of the XL1 (2013), prototype produced in a small series of 250 copies sold to pioneer customers. They must be crazy enough to pay €111,000 to pay! However, there are rumors that VW loses money on every car sold, which actually cost him €300,000 each.

mounting on KarmanThe XL1 is a 2-seater car weighing 795 kg, made entirely of lightweight materials. Optimal efficiency is reflected in the use of gull-wing doors, narrow tires, ceramic brakes and polycarbonate windows. Placed in the rear center position, a motor The 0.8 liter TDI twin-cylinder diesel is equipped with a plug-in hybrid.

With a combined output of just 69 hp, the XL1 is equipped with a 7-speed DSG gearbox. Thanks to its exceptional Cd of just 0.189 and its state-of-the-art technology, it is credited with an average fuel consumption of 0.9 litres/100 km and CO2 emissions of around 21 g/km. Its 5.5 kWh battery allows you to drive in electric mode for a distance of 30 to 50 km.

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