how manufacturers anticipated zero thermal in 2035

The European Parliament voted this Wednesday the end of the commercialization of models of thermal engines from 2035. A decision anticipated several months ago by the manufacturers.

They did not wait for the final vote by the European Parliament on Wednesday. Since the announcement of the plan to ban sales of thermal vehicles in Europe in 2035 in mid-July 2021, many manufacturers have started a broad shift to the electric car.

A year ago most large groups announced their ambition to stop offering ranges without gasoline or diesel and without hybrids in Europe. A transition that will often take place before 2035. These decisions should make it possible to optimize the costs of developing the electric car – through mass sales – by reducing, or even eliminating, investment in the development of internal combustion engines and in depollution. However, the United States, China and other markets will still need combustion engine vehicles by 2035.

Renault and Peugeot 100% electric in 2030

If he is one of the heads of the most critical manufacturers in the mandatory transition to electric, Carlos Tavares did not accept less. In March, Stellantis’ CEO announced that by 2030, the group will only market 100% electric vehicles.

“All launches in Europe will be 100% electric vehicles from 2026 onwards,” said Carlos Tavares at the time.

The thermal ranges will thus disappear little by little. Some brands will even take the plunge much sooner.

Like Maserati, the first of the group’s fourteen brands to launch only 100% electric vehicles from 2024. It’s the premium Stellantis manufacturers that will go ‘zero emissions’. The new DS models from 2024, Lancia in 2026 and Alfa Romeo in 2027.

Generalist brands will be fully electric from 2028, with Opel, then Peugeot and Fiat in 2030. The exception that proves the rule: Citroën. Chevron brand leaders have announced their intention to do away with heat engines, but without giving a precise timeline.

Within the other French group, Renault, the switch to electric has accelerated since last year. A pioneer of the electric car, Renault will only market this type of vehicle in 2030 in Europe. The sports brand Alpine will start its conversion much earlier: in 2025, all three models will be electric. Only Dacia – even if the brand markets spring – has yet to announce a fully zero-emissions shift. Its price positioning weighs heavily on this decision, as electric technology remains at the moment always more expensive than thermal technology.

Among the other generalist brands, Volvo in 2025 and Ford in 2030 will only offer electric cars in the old continent.

Others so far have been more wait and see. Hyundai has thus been postponing and betting until now for the moment in 2040 for sales only in electric, according to the evolution of the market. A calendar now changed according to the latest European decision but also due to consumer appetite. Since January, 40% of the cars ordered from Hyundai are actually electric cars.

In September 2021, the sister brand Kia had confirmed its departure from the thermal plant in 2035. The Japanese Toyota, pioneer of the hybrid, had not given any strategic plan for the thermal exit in Europe. The brand is just starting to offer 100% electric cars.

More wait and see awards

This wait-and-see attitude is also found among German and sports brands. Synthetic fuel, taking into account the rechargeable hybrid engines, the German brands have presented many solutions to not completely cut the thermal engine, even if they work a lot in parallel on the electric, like Porsche or BMW.

This is also the case for Volkswagen. The German group has announced an 89 billion euro plan for the electric car over the next five years, but the timetable remains vaguer on the arrival of a non-combustible range. In the German press last summer, VW sales director Klaus Zellmer was counting on 2033 to 2035 to leave this market. The group’s premium brand, Audi, had given a slightly clearer timeline: Audi aims to sell only electric vehicles in 2033, but will stop developing new combustion engines for Europe from 2026. sell electric cars like Bentley and Mini on the British side. Five years after Jaguar.

Overall, while some brands will continue to develop thermal models for non-European markets, all or almost all will offer electric models. Even Rolls Royce. In 2023, the British ultra-luxury brand will introduce the Specter, its first 100% electric production model.

Leave a Comment