Electrifying the car fleet is a global goal. The means to achieve this are plural. This is the result of work carried out by an observatory formed by Avere-France (National Association for the Development of Electric Mobility) and the law firm De Gaulle Fleurance and Associates, which is published this Thursday, June 2nd.
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The survey, powered by input from six other foreign companies, updates the different vehicle fleet electrification strategies in France, Germany, Poland, as well as Turkey, India, China and Saudi Arabia.
France quite well
Worldwide, six million electric vehicles (including plug-in hybrids) were sold in 2021, double the previous year. They represent 12% of the market. In France, with 315,000 vehicles sold, electric vehicles represent 15% of the market.
Financial aid without income conditions encouraged its purchase, as well as a 64% increase in charging points open to the public between 2020 and 2021. “In terms of support, we are among the top three in Europeexplains Cécile Goubert, delegate general of Avere-France, with a good understanding of the uses: roads, main roads, collective residential… This approach allows us to think about different charging needs”.
Today, there are almost 60,000 charging stations open to the public in France. “We will have to double that number by 2025.alert Cécile Goubert, and remain constant to double again by 2030”.
In Turkey, we first thought of charging
In Germany, during the first quarter of 2022, the market share of electric vehicles has already reached 25%. The country offers additional non-monetary incentives, such as the possibility for electric vehicles to circulate on bus lanes. “This idea might seem adapted to France, where we like to sneaksmiles Sylvie Perrin, associate attorney at De Gaulle Fleurance and Associates. However, it was the German mentality, perhaps more collective, that allowed its adoption..
Another member of the European Union, Poland wants to accelerate the greening of its car fleet. Municipalities with more than 100,000 inhabitants must install at least 60 public charging stations. To facilitate its installation, the Polish legislator exempts the network manager from applying for a construction permit.
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In Turkey, the effort is also focused on infrastructure. “The country made a very original choiceexplains Sylvie Perrin, wishing to have a charging network before the electric vehicle fleet existed”. As of March 2022, subsidies cover up to 75% of the costs of fast charging stations. A regulation that opens a door for the American Tesla, in the process of implementing its network.
380 builders in India
The main market for electric vehicles in the world remains China. The country has combined policies to restrict the purchase of gasoline vehicles and incentives (individuals do not need to apply for a license to install charging infrastructure, free plates, etc.) and sold three million electric vehicles in 2021, or half of global sales.
The other continental giant, India, is not at this level, but intends to reach it: among other measures, the one that offers electric vehicle drivers a 50% reduction in toll sections. A peculiarity of the country lies in the fragmentation of supply: the aid offered for research and development allowed the emergence of hundreds of companies. In July 2021, there were 380 local builders!
The European Union hesitates
Even oil-rich Saudi Arabia is not immune to electrification. The kingdom, which targets 30% of electric vehicles in circulation in Riyadh, has reached an agreement with Japanese manufacturers to deploy fast-charging stations. Neom, a city under construction and aiming for carbon neutrality, will only allow electric vehicles.
The European Union continues to hesitate as to when it will ban internal combustion engines. France fights for the horizon to be the year 2040. It runs into the inclinations of other members of the Union, who would prefer 2035. The debate must be resolved during the month of June by the European Parliament.