Just like gasoline or diesel cars go to the pump to refuel,
eletric cars necessity charging stations to replenish electricity. While finding a gas station is child’s play,
public charging stations
for electric cars, however, don’t run on the streets.
In this context, installing a charging station at home may prove to be the right solution… You still have to know which system to choose!
In this complete guide, we will see:
- What are the different charging stations and outlets for electric cars?
- Which charging station to choose?
- How much does it cost on average to install a charging station?
- What is the cost of charging at a public terminal?
You can also find a lot of additional information on our pages dedicated to electricity at autosphere.fr
The 2 types of charging stations for electric cars: public and private
Electric car charging stations – and outlets – can be public (available in self-service, they are from the State) or private (you have your own station). Understanding the difference between these 2 types of terminals is
essential to fully understand the operation of this equipment.
home charging stations
remains the most common form of charging among electric car owners. They allow the
charge hybrid or electric vehicle at home
. There are several charging solutions:
- Charging via standard domestic outlet
- Charging via reinforced home socket
- Recharge via a fast charging station called Wallbox
- Charging via collective charging station
Charging an electric car through a standard outlet
This type of loading is
not recommended by security professionals
, it is only recommended for exceptional cases, as it is not designed to withstand high currents for hours. This option has the advantage of being
More economical because the socket is already installed. On the other hand, she
requires much longer charging time. 10 a.m. on average compared to 4 hours for an optimized charging station.
Charging through a reinforced socket
Reinforced or secure grip is
specifically designed to charge an electric car.
Installing this type of secure charging station protects against the risks associated with intensive use of a regular or standard outlet.
Green Access allows, for example, charging according to standards (IP66), although its optimization remains relative. It usually takes between
7 to 9 am for the electric vehicle to be fully charged. Once the car is recharged, the power is programmed to turn off.
Charging via the fast charging station called Wallbox (wall box)
Wallbox charging stations are
recommended by a large number of professionals
. It is the charging device of an electric car the safest. He is also one of the fastest!
Unlike a domestic socket limited to 10 A in France, the Wallbox can recharge in
16A or more, depending on the model and current electricity subscription. Tell
between 3 to 5 hours
for full electric vehicle charging
. You can also opt for a remote control or control to control your Wallbox terminal.
Charging through a collective terminal
The so-called collective terminals
are usually installed in a private car park. They are
intended for co-owners. Apart from some details, they have the same characteristics as a Wallbox terminal. However, they take up more space and work with a remote reading system and
Public charging stations
All public charging stations are generally
listed on internet platforms
(eg ChargeMap or gouv.fr data).
Where can I find a public charging station?
- In public parking lots
- On the roads
- In companies and shopping centers
Charging stations for public use are mainly located in public car parks. Some are free and some are paid.
street charging stations
are few in number. Of course, the network is much more developed in Paris with the Autolib service. To load, you must
have a free or paid access card.
Commercial establishments are increasingly equipped with
electric car charging stations
. The aim is to allow customers to recharge their car while shopping. A simple
badge or access code enough to access the terminals.
Why recharge at a public terminal?
Public terminals have the advantage of providing high-intensity direct current. Result?
Much faster charging of your electric vehicle. For example, in this type of terminal, a Renault Zoé is recharged at
80% inside 1 hour and 10 minutes. However, charging time varies depending on the charging station. Some being equipment in
fashion 3 (normal charging) and other equipment in
fashion 4 (fast charging).
Which charging station to choose?
Since charging stations do not have the same charging power, you must choose the one that suits you best. Consider the following:
- The type of vehicle you use
- the daily mileage
Why consider your vehicle?
It is important to emphasize that
Charging power depends on the car model you have
. For example, some car models, in particular plug-in hybrids, limit charging power to 3 kW, regardless of the terminal used. A higher power limit is therefore useless in this particular case.
Check the maximum charging power of your vehicle
is essential for choosing a terminal.
Why consider your daily mileage?
The use you make of your vehicle is a factor to take into account when choosing your charging station. Another example ! You recharge your vehicle every day for a range of 300 km per day. Finally, you only make 30, is it necessary to opt for a high power terminal?
The answer is no ! ONE
reinforced socket or a 3.7 KW power terminal will do the job perfectly
– and you will save money. Consider the following estimates:
- For 2.2 kW reinforced socket, One hour of charging is equivalent to 10 km of autonomy.
- For 3.7 kW terminal, 15 km of autonomy for each hour of charging.
- For 7.4 kW terminal, you get 30 km of autonomy per hour of charge.
- For 11 kW terminal, 60 km per hour charge
- For 22 kW terminal, Load of 120 km per hour
Private and public charging station: what is the cost?
How much does it cost to install a home charging station? What is the cost of charging at a public terminal? Although the electric car charging station at home is, in the long term, the most economical solution, it still represents a significant investment. In turn, the charging price at the public terminal remains affordable.
Price of a home charging station
The costs of installing a home charging station depend on 2 main criteria:
- the material chosen
- Setting up your electrical installation
Knowing that it is not advisable to charge your electric vehicle with a simple domestic socket, you can choose between:
- a reinforced grip : it is the most economical solution, count on
€420 including taxes
for your installation.
- A wall terminal (wallbox) : for a power of
7 kW single phaseaverage prices are generally between
€1,210 including tax and €1,250 including tax.
If your house has a
three-phase electrical installationyou can opt for a higher power wall terminal
(22KW). For this type of installation, we see a base price of €1,960 including tax it is a average price of €2,300 including taxes.
In which cases can you benefit from state aid?
If you rent, own or occupy your main residence free of charge, you can benefit from a
credit rate for the installation of an electric car charging station. This credit is up to
75% of expenses due to this installation
limit of €300 per charging station.
Furthermore, the program
FUTURE accompany until 50% social, private and other landlords who install
charging stations (collective, individual or shared)
within a collective housing.
Charging price at a public station
Charging prices at public terminals depend on several criteria:
- terminal type : Some low-power charging stations are
free. On the other hand, fast charging stations that provide more chargeable power (
Ionity €0.79/min, Total €0.40 – €0.65/min…)
- The period : some public charging networks differentiate rates according to the time of day.
- The operators: prices are not standard
- The signature : you can benefit from a monthly and preferential tariff on the network terminals to which you are affiliated.
Recharging at conventional terminals (in addition to fast terminals) will cost on average
5 to 7€ per 100 km of autonomy.